San Salvador de Jujuy has been experiencing continued urban expansion in the past four decades. Between 1970–1980 the population increased by around fifty percent, resulting in unplanned rapid urban growth and an escalating housing shortage. Housing policies targeted middle-income households, thus lower-income families were left behind without any alternatives. This resulted in the common practice of squatting private and public lots. In this context, Alto Comedero emerged as a government plan to relocate people living in informal settlements on the riverbank, south of the city. However, the new area, located on the outskirts of the city, was designated mostly for housing, often with new developments lacking basic infrastructure, public space, and services. The expansion of the new district through low-density housing and its segregated location has meant a greater dependency on services provided by the city center. This has resulted in masses of residents commuting every day and leaving the neighborhood empty. Moreover, the impossibility of providing proper infrastructure for such a vast new territory has led to a degraded image of the neighborhood. The absence of a sustainable urban planning approach resulted in a monofunctional neighborhood where plots were assigned only for residential use; the demand for green areas and public space has become a critical issue.
To achieve the objectives, an urban strategy based on the following structural elements will be applied in the projects: (1) consolidate the Avenida Forestal as a hub of public life with a focus on educational activities; (2) create a network of civic corridors and redesign the most important streets; (3) strengthen the connection between areas to the north and south of the river Las Martas through bridges; (4) improve construction quality in the neighborhood and introduce a cooperation of architects to support local families who wish to extend their houses (micro-densification); (5) generate attractive nodes of neighborhood revitalization as meeting points between local residents and people from other parts of the city; (6) maximize the potential of the river Las Martas and two other small streams as natural elements within the city; (7) consolidate primary and secondary streets as green environmental corridors; (8) redesign existing small public spaces as intergenerational meeting points in the neighborhood; (9) implement “Puntos Verdes” as spaces to raise environmental awareness within the local population. The integrated urban strategy for Alto Comedero has been systematized into four projects.
February to June, 2017
Authors: Soledad Di Croche, Roland Krebs, Dominique Mashini, Katja Schechtner, Pablo Ávalos, Olga Wainstein, Alicia Gerscovich, Tamara Egger